Posts tagged ‘Credits’

Capital Alternatives Rice farming for carbon credits

Agricultural investment: Rice farming for carbon credits

 

In the sub-Saharan region many biotic and environmental factors hinder rice production which raises the gap between consumption and production. Capital Alternatives explored the opportunity for agricultural land investment and negotiated prime rice farm lands in Sierra Leone on a lease term of 49 years for investment purpose. Our investment opportunity in rice farming and agriculture land is provided under the project called Agri Capital where a minimum of £5,850 should be invested for 3 acres of land, where the price of the land is £5,250 and £600 is the set up fee for each acre of land. The investors will own a title deed of the land and you can select your own fields to invest.

 

Some of the key points of investments in African agricultural land are

 

Rice harvesting will provide estimated income of 15% per annum.
The last harvests yielded a return of 16.2% and 14% respectively.
At least two harvests per annum
The capital value of land will increase every year
Returns will be generated from tangible assets
Increasing demand for rice (which is the staple food of local population)
Non cyclic investment
Money-back guarantee (where full investment is returned if Agri Capital does not harvest in the first 2 years)
Agri Capital also aims to provide health, education and also food to the local population
No hidden charges or ongoing fees

 

It is believed the investment in agricultural land will provide significantly high returns and our investors will get at least 50% of the initial investments as returns. Agri Capital aims to provide a minimum of 40% of profit from the rice crops harvesting to the investors and the capital value of African agriculture land is increasing with a conservative rate of 7%. Hence, investors will be benefited through the harvests of the land and also from the capital appreciation on the land.  The land will be provided on freehold ownership and the investors can either sell the plots separately (if you have bought more than 3 acres of land) or all at one time.

Once the set up fee has been taken, the field area is cleared to prepare it for planting and in a year the land will be valued higher than the non-productive lands. It is believed the returns from capital appreciation and the harvests from rice farming can provide returns of minimum 175% in five years (which includes the profits generated from harvests in the five year).

This article has been written under the guidance of expertise that has the vast knowledge in  Alternative Investment

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What is the background of carbon credits

Fossil fuels are a major source of greenhouse gas emissions. Greenhouse gases are generated by power, cement, steel, textile, fertilizer, and many other industries. The major greenhouse gases emitted are carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and hydrofluorocarbons. They all increase the atmosphere’s ability to trap infrared energy.

One carbon credit is equal to one ton of carbon. Many individuals are now taking an interest in their carbon footprints, trying to lower their usage, as well as trying different ways to offset their usage. Carbon credits are part of an approach to emissions trading. With a certain amount of greenhouse gas allotted to markets, each individual group is given the opportunity to decide how much of a limited amount can be designated to each area. This allows for industries to control the amount of greenhouse gases they are using. This also allows industrial and commercial processes to market in the direction of lower emissions, or approaches that are used to avoid emitting carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. This helps to finance carbon reduction schemes.

Many companies sell carbon credits. These carbon credits are sold to firms that voluntarily desire to lower their carbon footprint. Carbon credits are purchased from investment funds or carbon development companies. Many of these companies have saved these credits from other individual products, and offset themselves and the buyers by selling them. The quality of the credits is based on the validation process, the type of fund, and the development company. The price is also affected by these things. Voluntary units typically have less value than the units sold through the rigorously validated Clean Development Mechanism.

Carbon credits initially came into existence as an attempt to inform and create awareness of the need to control emissions. Since then, it has been proven that the concept of carbon credits can be highly successful. This tradable system is one of the policy instruments that are very effective. As long as prices are maintained it should continue to be positive.

It is possible to create real carbon credits. This is a supplementary principle that is involved within the Kyoto Protocol. This establishes that it is a Clean Development Mechanism, which is a flexible mechanism. This can develop real, measurable, and permanent emission reductions. This helps to establish that an emission of CO2-equivalent greenhouse gas has truly been reduced and it involves a complex process. This process has evolved as the concept of a carbon project has been refined over the past 10 years.

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Selling Renewable Energy Credits

Selling renewable energy credits is a new and interesting market. Here is some information about selling renewable energy credits and a basic understanding of the market.

Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs) are frequently referred to as Green Tags, Renewable Energy Credits, and/or Tradable Renewable Certificates (TRCs). RECs represent the environmental and economic value of electricity produced from clean, renewable, emission-free energy resources that will never be depleted and are safe for our environment. The REC is not actual energy, just the right to say that you have offset the production of dirty power for clean power.

Producers of green power should consider selling renewable energy credits as well as the power itself, which will increase their profits. Other parties can buy RECs if they need to satisfy regulatory requirements or improve their corporate appearance. When RECs are sold, the organization buying the RECs obtains the right to claim environmental advantage.

RECs allow energy users all across the country to support alternative energy generation. RECs contribute to the growth of the renewable power sector, and with buyer support will continue to help make alternative power even more cost competitive.

In areas which have a REC program, an alternative energy provider (such as a wind farm) is credited with one REC for every 1,000 kWh or one MWh of electricity it creates. The average residential customer uses about 800 kWh per month. A certifying organization gives each REC an exclusive identification number to make sure it isn’t sold twice. The green energy is then fed into the electrical grid (by law), and the complementary REC can then be sold on the open market.

Several certification and accounting associations attempt to ensure that RECs are correctly tracked and confirmed and are not sold more than once. The Climate Neutral Network, Green-e, and the Environmental Resources Trust’s EcoPower Program certify RECs. If you are interested in selling renewable energy credits, start with your local electric company or one of these organizations.

There are two main markets for RECs in the United States – compliance markets and voluntary markets.

A policy called the Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) is responsible for creating the compliance markets. Renewable Portfolio Standard requires electric companies to supply a predetermined percent of their electricity from renewable sources by a specific year.

For example, California electric companies must provide 20% energy from renewable sources by 2010. Electric utilities in these areas with RPSs must demonstrate compliance with their requirements by buying RECs. In the California sample, the electric companies would need to hold RECs equivalent to 20% of their sales.

Want to help companies and property owners go green? Sell your RECs on the voluntary market. Voluntary markets allow customers choose to purchase renewable power, generally out of a desire to go green. Most commercial and domestic purchases of RECs are voluntary. Alternative power providers can sell their RECs to voluntary buyers, usually at a lower price than compliance market RECs.

Detractors indicate a flaw with this system. The problem in this system is that it does not necessarily replace dirty energy. Since some alternate energy resources, most notably wind resources, are irregular and unpredictable, their production does not replace an equivalent amount of other sources, per kW of capacity. However, they do replace on a per kWh basis, electricity from combustion sources, thus reducing greenhouse gases and undesirable byproducts.

Jeff Fisher is a renewable energy enthusiast and the owner of http://www.renewableenergysimplified.com. Harness the renewable energy of the wind and sun to eliminate your power bill. Find our complete guide at http://www.renewableenergysimplified.com.

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Swtor Credits Also This Sith Empire School

Looking for just about any Star Wars: The outdated Republic information for that Sith Empire? Well, you’re by no signifies on the way to locate a sturdy just one composed in the one web-site article or article, that’s for sure. SWTOR consists of a tremendous amount of content, and never even the in-game guides include it completely.

I’m not on the way to compose a complete Star Wars: The outdated Republic information here, nonetheless I will try a participant tactic for every one between the Sith Empire classes.

There are 4 principal courses concerning the Sith Empire faction in SWTOR: Sith Warrior, Sith Inquisitor, Imperial Agent and Bounty Hunter. Here’s a condensed demonstration of every one just one of them.

The Sith Warrior. This may be the school the defines the Sith Empire faction, getting a heavy melee DPS class. like a Sith Warrior you can choose to acquire a Marauder, wielding two lightsabers and relying on acrobatic saber techniques, or perhaps a Juggernaut, spec that allows the Sith Warrior to turn out to be considered a tank.

The Sith Inquisitor. A unique sort of dim jedi DPS class, the Sith Inquisitor can stick to the street of the force-based caster school – Sorcerer, which may possibly be both a spell-caster DPS or perhaps a healer, depending concerning the technique tree that it follows. If choosing the Assassin path, a Sith Inquisitor can turn out to be considered a stealth class, with stealth-based attacks, wielding a double-bladed lightsaber.

The Bounty Hunter. Just like from the SW movies, Bounty Hunters positioned on heavy armor and may offer huge quantities of method ranged damage, producing utilization of a broad range of kinds of blasters and rifles. The Bounty Hunter school is comparable in countless factors using the Trooper class, although the weaponry and combat styles are different. like a BH you can stick to the Powetech advancement profession, getting both a tank, producing utilization of energetic shields to absorb damage, or perhaps a ranged DPS, combining blaster and flame-throwing attacks. like a BH Powertech, you will also advantage from great crowd deal with attacks. another specialization using the Bounty Hunter is Mercenary, and like a Mercenary you can be wielding two blasters, featuring a combat design comparable toward Smuggler, or turn out to be considered a Bodyguard, fulfilling the area of the healer or off-healer.

The Imperial Agent. The last school I’m on the way to shortly evaluation on this Star Wars: The outdated Republic information may be the bad James relationship using the Sith Empire. As an Imperial Agent you may choose paths, getting an Operative, effective in medium-ranged and near combat, with stealth attacks, or in circumstance you stick to another technique tree, you can turn out to be considered a healer. Or you can choose to acquire a Sniper, extremely effective with ranged DPS, also producing utilization of droids and probes to weaken the enemy.

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The Future Of Carbon Credits

Although the current investment climate for carbon credits is a bright one, the future could hold even more promise – in a very big way. As of now most of the industrialized countries in the world are working under some sort of carbon tax system as prescribed by the Kyoto protocols. However, the world’s three biggest polluters are not: India, China and the U.S. When these countries sign on to the protocols then the market should explode. What are the chances of this happening in the near future? It’s hard to say but it depends, as you may have guessed, on politics.

Politics in the U.S. to start, but also in China. First, though, U.S. President Obama has to make clear what he intends to do this year, if anything, on his carbon credit – or as it’s called in the U.S., cap and trade – policy. He started the year with a very positive agenda and seemed committed to making progress. However, since June his direction and resolve have seemed rather vague. And with the mid-term elections looming in November the situation becomes even more complicated. Republicans look poised to regain a majority of seat in the House of Representatives and also gain in the Senate. This could make passage of any kind of cap and trade legislation difficult because Republicans tend to favor big business and big business figures that cap and trade will cost them money.

So the direction forward in the U.S. will most likely be uncertain until after November 2. And even then it may take a considerable amount of time to get any legislation passed. But if laws mandating carbon offsetting ever do take place in the U.S. the effect on the carbon market will be immense. First, the U.S. itself is a huge market and the demand for certified carbon offset projects will skyrocket.

Secondly, there will be a knock-on effect in regard to China and India. Up until now, justifiably so, China and India have resisted signing on to Kyoto because of the U.S. refusal to do so. If the U.S. agrees, however, then there will be pressure on China and India to follow and it probably won’t take long for them to do so.

And in China’s case there is additional incentive because China is positioning itself as the world leader in green energy technology. It would be very difficult for China to continue on that path without at the same time ratifying the Kyoto protocols. Their rapidly developing stature in this field would be greatly enhanced by their ratification of Kyoto and their participation in some form of carbon emission control. The addition of China would also greatly increase demand as would India’s participation.

So what does the future hold for the global carbon offset market? It all may boil down ultimately to an election that will take place in the U.S. in about six weeks. Then again, it may not. Obama may not have the political capital or will to force through his carbon cap and trade policy even if the Democrats maintain their present level of control in the government.

His primary concern is the American joblessness problem and the economy as a whole so carbon may take a back seat no matter who wins in November. Until then, though, it’s anybody’s guess as to what may happen. Watch for an update after November.

 

 

Tom Aikins is a Bangkok-based consultant specializing in search engine optimization and internet marketing at http://www.seonorthamerica.com. He regularly presents seminars on these subjects and also writes about the carbon offset industry for the website http://www.carbonoffsetstandard.com.

Creating Real Carbon Credits

Creating real carbon credits comes from the concept of supplementarity within the Kyoto Protocol. Supplementarity means that internal abatement of emissions should take precedence before a country purchases carbon credits. It establishes that countries should develop real, measureable, permanent emissions reductions. There are steps involved in deciding whether or not carbon credits are legitimate. This means making sure that the process through which the carbon credits are submitted are in fact real, measurable, and permanent emissions.

Creating real carbon credits involves the concept of additionality. This refers to a term used by Kyoto’s Clean Development Mechanism, describing the fact that a carbon dioxide reduction project would not have occurred had it not been for concern for the mitigation of climate change. By proving additionality, it proves the legitimacy of the environmental stewardship claim resulting from the retirement of the carbon credit.

Involved with real carbon credits is personal carbon trading. Personal carbon trading has not yet been approved, but may very well help lower carbon usage as well as create small, localized economies. Personal carbon trading is a concept that is along the same lines as carbon offset credits. The concept of carbon trading refers to emissions trading.

It is hoped that personal carbon trading will help lower the amount of emissions by allotting a certain amount of emissions to individuals on an equal per capita basis. The number would be based on national carbon budgets. The credits would be surrendered later when buying fuel or electricity. Any individual who needs or wants more carbon credits would need to trade or purchase additional credits. Not only does this allow for people to get additional credits, it also makes it possible for those who do not need all of their credits, or are voluntarily lowering their carbon emissions, to sell surplus credits. Individual trading under Personal Carbon Trading is similar to the trading companies under the European Union Emission Trading System.

Personal carbon trading is not the same as carbon offsetting. They are very similar in the sense that they pay for emissions allowances, but carbon trading differs in that it is designed to be mandatory so nations are guaranteed domestic carbon emissions targets. There are various carbon proposals. Included are Tradable Energy Quotas (TEQs), Personal Carbon Allowances (PCAs), and Tradable Personal Pollution Allowances.

Depending on the personal carbon trading that is chosen, individuals would most likely use electric accounts to control the carbon credits. The account would allow individuals to surrender credits when purchasing electricity, heating fuel, and petroleum. Personal Carbon credits would also be used for public transportation. Those who sell their extra credit would benefit by lowering their carbon footprint, which is of course, the entire point of personal carbon credits.

Envirocitizen.org is a comprehensive ecommerce website that combines robust commerce, content, and community.  We believe that we have created the most comprehensive site to date to make eco-friendly products, services, and information available to individuals who wish to live a green, more eco-friendly lifestyle.  Our site offers a very broad and diverse array of eco-friendly products as well as comprehensive, authoritative information and environmental education.  Additionally, users can enjoy the sense of community created by participating in our Forum.

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The Ongoing Future Of Carbon Credits

Even though existing investment environment for carbon credits is a brilliant one, the long run could hold even more guarantee – in an exceedingly huge method. As of now the majority of the industrialized nations on earth work under some kind of carbon tax system as prescribed because of the Kyoto protocols. But the planet’s three biggest polluters are not: India, China as well as the U.S. When these nations sign on to your protocols then your marketplace should explode. What are the odds of this taking place in the near future? It really is difficult to say but it depends, because you can have guessed, on politics.
Politics when you look at the U.S. to begin, but in addition in China. Initially, however, U.S. President Obama needs to make clear just what he intends to repeat this year, if such a thing, on their carbon credit – or because it’s called within the U.S., limit and trade – policy. He started the year with a very positive schedule and felt committed to making development. However, since June his course and resolve have felt instead unclear. And with the mid-term elections looming in November the specific situation becomes more complicated. Republicans look poised to regain most chair in the House of Representatives and in addition gain inside Senate. This can make passing of almost any limit and trade legislation hard because Republicans will prefer huge company and big company figures that limit and trade will definitely cost all of them money.
Therefore the way ahead in the U.S. will probably be unsure until after November 2. as well as it can take a considerable amount of time to get any legislation passed away. However if regulations mandating carbon offsetting ever do take place inside U.S. the consequence regarding the carbon marketplace is immense. First, the U.S. itself is a massive market and also the interest in qualified carbon offset jobs will skyrocket.
Subsequently, you will have a knock-on impact in regards to Asia and Asia. Up until now, justifiably therefore, China and India have resisted signing on to Kyoto because of the U.S. refusal to take action. In the event that U.S. agrees, but then there will be stress on Asia and Asia to adhere to and it will most likely not take long for them to achieve this.
As well as in China’s situation there was additional motivation because China is positioning itself as the world frontrunner in green energy technology. It would be very difficult for China to carry on on that path without simultaneously ratifying the Kyoto protocols. Their particular rapidly establishing stature within area is considerably enhanced by their ratification of Kyoto and their involvement in certain kind of carbon emission control. The inclusion of China would also greatly increase demand as would India’s participation.
So what does the long run hold for worldwide carbon offset marketplace? It-all may boil straight down in the end to an election that’ll take place into the U.S. in about six-weeks. Then again, it may not. Obama may not have the political money or will to make through his carbon cap and trade plan even when the Democrats maintain their present level of control in federal government.
His major concern is the United states joblessness issue in addition to economic climate in general so carbon might take a back seat irrespective of whom wins in November. Until then, though, it really is anyone’s guess in regards to what you can do. Watch for an update after November.

Tom Aikins is a Bangkok-based specialist specializing in seo and internet marketing at http://www.seonorthamerica.com. He regularly gift suggestions workshops on these subjects as well as writes in regards to the carbon offset industry for the site http://www.carbonoffsetstandard.com.

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